These investors have as many reasons to invest in metal as there are methods to make those investments. Of course, instead of investing in a mutual fund that pools the money of several investors, you could also buy shares of gold mining companies (often called gold stocks) directly. On the contrary, the owners of a company, such as a gold miner, can benefit not only from the increase in the price of gold, but also from the company increasing its profits. Adding gold to your portfolio can help you diversify your assets, which can help you better cope with a recession, but gold does not produce cash flow like other assets, and should be added to your investment mix in a limited amount and with caution.
Investing in gold mutual funds means that you own shares in multiple gold-related assets, like many companies that mine or process gold, but you don't own real gold or individual shares. This means that the value of gold mutual funds and ETFs may not fully match the market price of gold, and these investments may not have the same return as physical gold. Bullion is physical gold of high purity, usually in the form of bullion, bullion, coin or round (which are often confused with coins due to their circular shape, but are closer to gold bars because they are not legal tender and do not differ from year to year). Gold bars and cartridges are usually sold and then mailed through online gold retailers, who can offer discounts for members of the military and to buy in bulk.
The SPDR Gold Shares ETF (GLD), for example, holds physical gold and deposit receipts, and its price follows the price of physical bullion. However, keep in mind that the shares of gold companies are correlated with gold prices, but they are also based on the fundamentals related to the current profitability and expenses of each company. Depending on your preferences and risk aptitudes, you may choose to invest in physical gold, gold stocks, gold ETFs and mutual funds, or speculative futures and options contracts. You can also choose to buy gold that you can wear or that someone has ever worn but has suffered damage in the form of gold jewelry.
Gold futures are more liquid than physical gold and have no management fees, although brokerages may charge a trading fee (also called a commission) per contract. Gold mutual funds, such as the Franklin Templeton Gold and Precious Metals Fund, are actively managed by professional investors. Gold mutual funds often invest in shares of gold mining or refining companies, although some also own small amounts of bullion. Government title to all gold coins in circulation and put an end to the minting of any new gold coins.
This contrasts with the owners of a business (such as a gold mining company), where the company can produce more gold and, therefore, more profits, which increases investment in that business.